Using Apache as a BasicAuth proxy to an internal resource

This article isn’t named ideally so if you have a better title, tell me.

This is the scenario: we have a simple HTTP resource on the internal network at Mocra. This resource is a closed source tool which is great except that it has one drawback — there are only two security modes: basic authentication on, or basic authentication off. There is only one username/password and you can’t control when or by whom it is required.

Now, my preferred behaviour here is to be able to give out multiple login/passwords and also to only require authentication outside of our local network. I set out to get this working.

I devised this solution a few months ago (which is why it’s using Apache at all) but I thought it might be of some use to someone. I created an Apache VirtualHost to act as a proxy between this resource and its clients. It looks like this:

<VirtualHost *:80>
  # This virtual host proxies requests for the internal resource

  # Set auth header to base64 encoded 'username:password'
  # where username and password are the credentials for internal resource
  RequestHeader set Authorization "Basic dXNlcm5hbWU6cGFzc3dvcmQ="

  ProxyPass /resource_path/
  ProxyPassReverse /resource_path/

  <Location />
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from # our local subnet
    Allow from # duh
    Allow from # our external router IP

    AuthType basic
    AuthName "Our Internal Resource"
    # where all the external login/passwords are
    AuthUserFile /var/www/.htpasswd
    Require valid-user

    # this is the secret sauce that allows EITHER
    # local access or Basic Auth access
    Satisfy Any

  RewriteEngine on
  RewriteRule ^/?$ [R]

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